Yellow River (Huang He/Ho River)
- The civilization of ancient China first developed in the Yellow River so called for the yellow loess deposited along its banks by winds from the Gobi. Loess provided fertile soil for the cultivation of millet, a highly nutritious cereal crop.
- By 5000 B.C., people were living in villages along the middle Yellow River and farming on its terraces.
- The Yangtze River basin is one of the longest-inhabited regions in China. Although much of China’s political history has centred around North China and the Huang He basin, the Yangtze region always was of great economic importance to successive dynasties for its agricultural potential. (source: https://www.britannica.com/place/Yangtze-River#ref48051)
- In the wetlands along the Yangtze to the south, villagers began cultivating rice for their main agricultural crop. Politically, the Yangtze Valley lagged behind the Yellow River region, where people from the first settlements banded together under strong leadership to dig ditches and drainage canals for irrigation and flood control.
- The Vedas are a collection of hymns and other religious texts composed in India between about 1500 and 1000 BCE. It includes elements such as liturgical material as well as mythological accounts, poems, prayers, and formulas considered to be sacred by the Vedic religion.
- The origin of the Vedas can be traced back as far as 1500 BCE, when a large group of nomads called the Aryans, coming from central Asia, crossed the Hindu Kush Mountains, migrating into the Indian subcontinent. This was a large migration and used to be seen as an invasion.
- Around the 7th century BCE, India saw the growth of a culture of world-renunciation, which was a reaction against the Vedic tradition. This culture is the common origin of many Indian religions considered to be “heretical” by the Indian traditional priestly class. Charvaka, Jainism, and Buddhism, among other movements, originated around this time, encouraged by the gradual decay of the priestly orthodoxy. This would result in the end of the Vedic hegemony, shifting the focus of religious life from external rites and sacrifices to internal spiritual quests in the search for answers. (source: https://www.ancient.eu/The_Vedas/)
For more info read: http://veda.wikidot.com/hinduism#toc21